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Civil War Battles in 1864



Battle of Saltville, American Battlefields American Battlefields, American Battlefields Saltville:
Other Names: None
Location: Smyth County
Campaign: Burbridge's Raid into Southwest Virginia (September-October 1864)
Date(s): October 2, 1864
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. Stephen Burbridge [US]; Brig. Gen. Alfred E. Jackson [CS]
Forces Engaged: Divisions  (11,000 total)
Estimated Casualties: 458 total
Description: Union cavalry and infantry raiders led by Brig. Gen. Stephen Burbridge attempted to destroy the saltworks near Saltville. He was delayed at Clinch Mountain and Laurel Gap by a makeshift Confederate force, enabling Brig. Gen. Alfred E. Jackson to concentrate troops near Saltville to meet him. On the morning of October 1, the Federals attacked but made little headway. Confederate reinforcements continued to arrive during the day.  After day-long fighting, Burbridge retired without accomplishing his objective. Afterwards, Confederate soldiers were said to have murdered, captured, and wounded black soldiers.
Result(s): Confederate victory
CWSAC Reference #: VA076
Preservation Priority: II.3 (Class C)
http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/va076.htm viewed 22 Apr 2008 this would of happed a few miles from where James was living.  Saltville was know for salt production and was a stratigic place

Battle at Marion  
Other Names: None
Location: Smyth County
Campaign: Stoneman's Raid into Southwest Virginia (December 1864)
Date(s): December 17-18, 1864
Principal Commanders: Col. Maj. Gen. George Stoneman [US]; Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge [CS]
Forces Engaged: Divisions
Estimated Casualties: 274 total
Description: Riding through the Cumberland Gap, Stoneman's expedition advanced on the important lead mines and salt ponds around Marion and Saltville. On December 17, Stoneman defeated a makeshift force of Confederate defenders. On the 18th, the Federals destroyed the leadworks and mines. On the 20th, they captured and destroyed the salt works at Saltville.
Result(s): Union victory
CWSAC Reference #: VA081 
Preservation Priority: IV.1 (Class D)
http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/va076.htm viewed 22 Apr 2008


Linked toJames Love (Social Conditions)

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